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Vision development for Eindhoven 2050
The R4E project has completed the “Vision development” stage, which consisted of designing the services and characteristics that our cities should offer in the year 2050, based on the opinions and contributions of municipal experts of each city, their stakeholders, politicians and municipal managers. To better illustrate the process, images have been created that reflect the way our cities could look in 2050, including the services and characteristics agreed upon in the workshops for each of the project’s focus areas.
MOBILITYSMART, SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY IN EINDHOVEN 2050
In 2050, people in the Eindhoven region enjoy a clean and safe city with energy-neutral mobility solutions. Their personal mobility needs are met by seamless services provided as and when they are needed, at that specific moment and in line with their personal lifestyles. A wide range of sustainable options ‘nudge’ them towards more sustainable lifestyles, but always with full freedom of choices. The spatial planning of the city and the region cherishes history and at the same time facilitates new dynamics. Solutions are chosen because of their flexibility to adapt to changing conditions and users’ needs. The region offers an attractive climate for business. It functions as a ‘living lab’ in which innovative solutions are developed and proven in practice. People can experience these innovations in their own living environment, and can adopt them if and when they wish to do so. The region is an economic hotspot for smart and sustainable mobility.
What characterises the city of Eindhoven in the focus areas of Smart Mobility and Smart Urban Spaces and the elements of the desired future scenario are:
1. An attractive and clean city
The city of Eindhoven and its surroundings are clean and attractive. Widespread greenery in public spaces creates a healthy living environment and encourages people to choose healthy transport options such as walking and biking. Extensive and attractive walking and cycling routes throughout the region connect areas for living, working and leisure. Quality of the living environment is high, with air quality, low emissions and road safety are better than average.
2. Sustainable transportation
Mobility in the region is energy-neutral, using of entirely renewable resources and sustainable materials. The city centre is free of private cars. The region is well connected with sustainable mobility solutions that enable convenient access to all destinations in different ways. Smart traffic management provides efficient guidance based on real-time analysis and predictions of traffic flows, demand and transport availability.
3. A range of options
People can choose from a range of mobility options. Individual choices are facilitated by (f)actual information and seamless mobility products and services that meet their personal needs at that moment. People experience autonomy and freedom in their choices, although they understand that service availability and prices can be influenced by scarcity of resources at specific times. Smart apps help them to choose the best solution at that moment.
4. Local facilities
Facilities for people’s daily living are within walking/cycling distance in all neighbourhoods. Shops and other facilities provide social meeting opportunities for citizens in their direct living environment. Local produce (food, but also innovative solutions like 3D printing) is available in the local convenience stores. Green squares, school yards, recreational grounds and public spaces facilitate healthy lifestyles and social activities.
5. Diversity in experience
People enjoy a variety of environments in the region. They can choose from different areas in the city or surrounding villages that provide different experiences, and offer a range of options for different needs and lifestyles. People are free to explore new things and try them for themselves (for example faster or more attractive routes, or innovative sustainable vehicles). This makes it easier to for them to choose and adopt sustainable solutions.
SAFE AND PLEASANT LIVING IN EINDHOVEN 2050
In 2050, the city’s ‘green and blue’ spaces provide a safe and pleasant living environment for the citizens of the Eindhoven region. A high quality of life is achieved by integrated physical planning to create a resilient region by strengthening the interdependencies between ‘blue’ (water), ‘green’ (flora), ‘grey’ (pavement) and ‘red’ (buildings). Citizens, public and private parties jointly take care of private and public spaces to create a safe, pleasant and healthy living environment. People are aware of the value of the interplay between the built environment and nature. They adopt healthy lifestyles and behaviour, through which they also contribute to their surroundings.The region enjoys clean and safe water and green spaces that can be used actively for recreation (e.g. swimming, fishing) as well as to supply food (urban farming).All meaningful resources are reused, thanks to circular systems on different scales. The region values:- a safe living environment that is resilient to the changing climate through the smart use of solutions on the appropriate scale;- a healthy living environment with extensive ‘green and blue’ areas that support social activities and healthy lifestyles;- a circular water system that provides sustainable re-use of water, materials and energy.
1. Active use of ‘green and blue’spaces
People use public spaces actively for social interaction, working and leisure activities. Spaces are attractive in all seasons, and are accessible for all. The diversity of the spaces in the city and surrounding villages, and the flexibility in their use cater for different and changing needs and wishes. Smart use of spaces serves many different goals,with plenty of room for flora and fauna. Synergy between urban and rural areas is strong.
2. Human-scale design to promote sustainable living
People find everything they need for their daily living in their direct surroundings. The region is designed to encourage social inter- actions and sustainable lifestyles. People value the effects on their health and well-being, and spread the adoption of good lifestyles through social activities. The city and region provide an ideal environment for companies and start-ups with sustainable and healthy core-businesses.
3. Connected, integrated ‘green and blue’
The region values well connected ‘green and blue’ spaces to strengthen climate resilience. The boundaries between public and private green areas are blurred, and people actively add green to roofs, gardens, squares and parks and make them accessible. Interconnected water systems reduce the risks of flooding and heat stress. Citizens’ initiatives are valued, and are facilitated and encouraged by regulations.
4. Circular solutions on the right scale
The region uses circular systems at different levels to maximise re-use of water, materials and energy. Intelligent systems at the levels of homes, neighbourhoods, city and region are interconnected to balance demand and supply. Citizens use applications and sensors to monitor the quality of their water, food and environment, and contribute to its improvement. New technologies are used to make the systems intelligent.
5. New business and investment models
Public spaces are always freely accessible, and new business models are explored to provide added-value services. Decisions are based on an integrated view of value (economic, social, cultural and other) in both the short and long term. This ‘Euro 2.0’ approach enables new business with services in the public domain that create value for society at large as well as for individual citizens and enables investments in infrastructure.
All these ideas and input have emerged from the participatory workshops that have taken place in the city of Eindhoven and whose images can be seen below:
Forli: Signed official statement R4E
Last 24th September 2016, Forli joined to the group of partners who have already signed the official statement of the R4E. This statement is a solid proof through which the city of Forli and in this case its Mayor, Davide Drei and its Councillor for the environment Nevio Zaccarelli, pledge themselves to support all the actions, initiatives and projects that can derive from the roadmaps to be delivered at the end of the R4E project. This commitment is crucial to empower the outcomes of the project and guarantee that the methodology will be fruitful in the long term.
The statement , that is shown below, has been signed by the mentioned representatives of the Municipality of Forli and it includes the visions of the city for 2050, these visions represent how Forli should look like in that ideal scenario that has been designed by Forli Municipal experts, their local stakeholders and their policy makers. The visions of Forli include all the features, services and characteristics they have considered needed in that ideal future in which Forli can provide the highest standards of quality of life to its citizens within this areas.
R4E Statement signed by Davide Drei, Mayor of Forli
R4E Statement signed by Nevio Zaccarelli, Councillor for the Environment of Forli
Murcia, present at the first international summit on light electric vehicles
The presentation has elaborated on issues such as the experience Murcia has acquired in the European project “Electra” and the recent “Local Strategy for Electric Vehicles”.Murcia has been selected to present its experience and the work it has been doing in the last years relating to the field of electric mobility at the first summit on light electric vehicles that was held in Barcelona on the 21st and 22nd of September.
It was an international event, where professionals and entities from around the world involved in electric mobility gathered, and where the latest projects and performance of the sector were presented.
ALEM, the Local Energy Agency from the “Department of Modernization of the Public Administration, Urban Quality and Citizen Participation”, in their presentation held at this meeting, offered a review of the current situation in cities that, like Murcia, are convinced of the need for a strong political support and backing for the electric vehicle and electrical vehicle initiatives, as was fervently highlighted by councilman Jose Guillen.
The presentation highlighted issues like Murcia´s experience in the European project “Electra” which has aimed to promote innovative loan structures of electric motorcycles, as well as the recent Local Strategy for the Electric Vehicle in Murcia, an open participatory process where citizens can directly participate in the process.
The specific actions and projects the City of Murcia is working on and with, also include the European Project “Roadmaps for Energy” a project that focuses on creating roadmaps to undertake innovative actions in Smart City areas such as smart mobility, intelligent buildings and smart urban spaces.
“Murcia’s direct involvement in important communication and dissemination activities of the R4E project, we show our strong commitment on a local level, to project the City of Murcia, it’s actions and performance in sustainability, beyond the borders of our municipality. “The presence of Murcia in this event is to create and strengthen collaborative relations with other cities, agencies and institutions involved in electric mobility with which the city of Murcia can create synergies in this field” explained councilmember Guillen.
Murcia designs its local strategy to promote the use of electric vehicles
The “Local Strategy for the use of Electric Vehicles”, is a set of initial proposals to encourage and benefit users of this type of vehicles such as tax reductions, exemption from parking fees, or reserving exclusive parking spaces, among others. The City Council wants to give a significant impulse to sustainable mobility in the city and has designed a local strategy to encourage the use of electric vehicles in Murcia, a fundamental step in the process of converting and converging towards a Smart City model.
The “Department of Modernization of the Public Administration, Urban Quality and Citizen Participation”, through their Local Energy Agency ALEM, has been responsible for the development of this “roadmap” which sets out the main outline of actions that will be undertaken and developed by the City Council in the field of promotion, advancement and support to electric mobility.
Councilmember José Guillen presented the local strategy to entrepreneurs of the mobility sector, representatives of public car parks, car rental companies and car repair shops, who “more than anyone else, know and understand the state of their industry”. Thus, the participatory process that “seeks consensus and social support” was initiated, “because the contribution of many enrich the proposal and make it more realistic, feasible and viable, without losing sight of the objective we seek: to promote electric mobility in Murcia.”
The document defines and develops various outlines of action to be implemented in the field of electric mobility in Murcia over the next three years (2017-2019), in order to, with the required institutional support, culminate the process of transformation and progressive adaptation to electric mobility in the municipality.
A set of concrete measures
The proposals that will be further developed under the roadmap of this new strategy to promote the use of electric vehicles are divided into five areas: 1) information and public awareness, 2) promotion and development of electric mobility, 3) infrastructure development associated to electric vehicle incentives, 4) citizen participation, and 5) agents related to sustainable mobility.
Some of the measures included in the strategy are:
- Informative Campaigns to inform and educate the public on electric vehicles.
- MiMurcia will display real-time data and information on the use of the electric charging infrastructure in public roads.
- Cooperation agreements with public car parks and service stations.
- Special timetables in loading and unloading areas for electric vehicles.
- The creation of an Electric Mobility Center for Local Commerce, coordinated by ALEM, to inform, promote and encourage progress in this sector.
- Granting preferential treatment and reserve parking spaces in neighbourhoods and districts, as well as special times for loading and unloading is designated areas, supporting measures for goods distribution and increased traffic.
- Assess the feasibility of introducing electric buses in public transportation fleets.
- Measures to facilitate the creation of electric charging infrastructure in public car parks, residential buildings and areas with communities.
- The creation of a workgroup with service stations and representatives of the Murcia Autonomous Community to introduce electric charging points in service stations at a large scale or implementing independent charging stations.
- Installing charging points or stations in Municipality buildings where possible providing coverage.
- Designing a network of electric charging points and reserved parking spaces favouring the intermodality of transit with the tram, bus lines and MUyBICI stations.
- Evaluate the approval of tax reductions in vehicle tax, parking fees, etc. as well as the licenses for 100% electric taxis.
Although these are initial proposals included in the preliminary document, the idea is to open debate and add other measures “which is expected to happen with the participatory process we have opened today” said José Guillen, who encouraged Murcia’s citizens to join their opinions to this project in order to provide us with “the desired conditions for the electric vehicle to form part of our urban landscape and the sustainable mobility in the municipality”.
The charging network hand in hand with the MUyBICI project
An essential requisite for achieving this goal is the creation of a network of recharging points broad enough to ensure users of electric vehicles can access them if necessary, for which the infrastructure created by MUyBICI could be used. Similarly, the city of Murcia is intensifying its commitment to gradually transform its fleet of vehicles into electrical vehicles, providing the municipal buildings with charging infrastructure, and favouring service subcontracts that foresee and increment their use.
The document DRAFT OF THE LOCAL STRATEGY FOR THE USE OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES can be downloaded via this link.
The document A BACKGROUND OF ELECTRIC MOBILITY IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF MURCIA can be downloaded via this link.
The participatory process: make suggestions and help us improve
Once the document of the municipal strategy draft has been presented and published, a broad participatory process opens in which the proposals of the public will be analysed and together with other suggestions made to improve the final plan, will be incorporated by experts.
Social agents related to sustainable mobility, but also Murcian society, any individual murcian, can add new initiatives and innovative actions if they meet the needs identified by each sector. Thus, Guillén adds, “we obtain a consensus on the appropriate roadmap by enriching as much as possible our strategy.” To achieve our goal, collaboration with companies from the sector is combined with the political commitment, and citizen participation are essential elements to ensure success.
The goal is to have a final version of the local strategy before the end of the year, and October will be reserved to study the contributions made leaving November for analysis and decision making.
According to the Councilmember for Modernization, José Guillén, upon completion of the review process with the elements of participation and contribution to the Local Strategy for the Electric Vehicle, the city will be ready to “set a new pace in the race for sustainability and the use of public transport that does not generate CO2 emissions “, which allow our citizens to “enjoy a cleaner and healthier Murcia, improving the quality of life through smart mobility”.
Exhibition of electric vehicles
After the presentation of the strategy, there was a display of electric and hybrid vehicles at the Floridablanca Garden which featured the latest models available. This event helped strengthen relations between City Hall and local stakeholders in the field of electric mobility and who have had a notable presence in the European R4E project (roadmaps for energy), therefore some of the available results were shared in the project and the dialogue and exchange of views with stakeholders as well as citizens who came to the exhibition. ALEM took the opportunity to emphasize the influence that the participation of Murcia in the R4E project has had in the drafting and development of the local strategy for the electric vehicle and its relation to the future of intelligent mobility in the city of Murcia.
RAISING AWARENESS ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN TALLINN
Since 2011 the Environment Department of Tallinn City Government has organised citywide Energy Days, which are aimed to raise awareness on efficient use of energy ressources. In 2013 and 2014 the Energy Days were jointly organised by Tallinn Energy Agency and Tallinn Environment Department. Since 2015 Tallinn Energy Agency is the main organiser of the Energy Days in the municipality.
One of the objectives stated in the Covenant of Mayors, which Tallinn is a signatory of since 2011, is to raise awareness on energy efficiency and to promote energy savings. The Energy Days in Tallinn are organised to fulfill the obligations described in the Covenant of Mayors.
In 2015 Tallinn Energy Agency organised two events for the Energy Days:
On June 18, during Sustainable Energy Week initiated by the European Commission, an exhibition was opened, that showcased the works of the architectural design competition called VELOKODA for students. The competition was launched together with the Environment Department, City Property Department, Urban Planning Department and the Department of Architecture of the Estonian Art Academy in December 2014 with the aim to generate good solutions for lockable bike sheds to securely and conveniently store bicycles in residential districts.
There were 17 entries to the competition, including many ideas that deserve to be developed further. The competition aimed to tap into the creative and innovative thinking of students, who also most probably ride a bike to school and have a lot of ideas how to organise locking bikes up securely and conveniently. Lockable bike sheds in residential areas would in turn inspire other residents to use bikes as a mode of transport, which would contribute to improving their health, reducing noise and CO2 emissions. The architectural design competition was organised also to further Tallinn’s ambitious goal to become European Green Capital 2018.
The exhibition of the architectural design competition VELOKODA
On September 19-20 Tallinn Energy Agency was represented during the culture and environment festival „Ecomess“, where an energy pavilion was put up.
The pavilion offered many activities and a lot of information for the festival visitors. The winning designs of the architectural design competition VELOKODA were exhibited in the pavilion. The visitors could also get an informative overview of the evolution of lighting in our homes. During the two days of the festival architects and energy auditors were there to consult residents of apartment buildings in mileu valuable areas on deep renovation.
An NGO named ESAKODA and the Estonian Association of Solar Energy advised on how to achieve energy savings with healthy indoor climate and how to use renewable energy in buildings.
On September 20 a seminar was held during the festival called „Traditional materials: yesterday and today“. The Head of Tallinn Energy Agency Villu Pella gave a presentation on how to attain energy efficiency in mileu valuable areas.
The energy pavilion during the “Ecomess” festival
ISTANBUL Smart Designed Metro Lines
Istanbul is like a state on its own. With its population of almost 14 million, it’s larger than 23 countries in Europe. The metropolitan area falling under the responsibility of the Metropolitan Municipality is 5.389 km2, and its east-to-west extension is 165 km, and north-to-south distance is 45 km.
Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey. The officially registered population is 13.8 million people as of 2014, which makes about 18% of Turkey’s population. This means that out of every 5 Turkish citizens, one lives in Istanbul. Plus, Istanbul is the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Europe after London and Moscow.
Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (IMM) has a massive budget. It’s budget is larger than 18 of the 29 Ministries in Turkey. The consolidated budget generally increases by 7.7% every years, and for 2013 it was around 12 billion USD. Of this figure, 8 billion USD is the investment budget, and around half of this budget is dedicated to transport every year.
So far, the Municipality succeeded in solving all its problems for the foreseeable future (i.e. Water supply, pollution, housing etc.), except for transport: The traffic congestion within the city is a growing problem and that’s why the Metropolitan Municipality dedicated almost half of its resources and energy to solve the transport problem.
IMM has introduced a new Project into the service of the citizens within the scope of the Project named “Park and continue travelling”. By means of this Project the citizens shall be able to travel to any spot they want after having left their vehicles at the park area car park which is nearly 5 minutes away from the metro stations.
Picture: Park and Travel Locations
Passengers shall have the right to make use of park which has a capacity of 50 to 1000 vehicles and is 5 minutes away from stations with a 20 % discount from the daily tariff of ISPARK (company of the IMM) for days.
Ring vehicles shall be in place in order to secure a safe a timely travel within the scope of the “Park and continue travelling with metrolines” concept. (http://www.ispark.com.tr/aracini-isparka-park-et-metro-ile-devam-et/)
The population of Istanbul is 14 million and around 5 million trips are made on a daily basis with all modes of public transport including buses, BRT, tramways, funicular lines, sea transport etc. The General Directorate of IETT manages the public transport fare collection system in Istanbul. There is not a second public transport card in this regard. 92% of the public transport is performed by using Istanbulcard.
The segments of the recipient audience are defined by education, age, frequency of using public transport and issues of positive discrimination. IETT provides different tariffs, tranport options and campaigns for these segments.
The general objective is to maximise the benefits of customers.
In this regard our value proposition as IETT is: “To be recognized as an istitution which provides rapid, comfortable, safe, economic, accesible, integrated and sustainable public transport and to be preffered because of these reasons.” There are also some initiatives in order to use Istanbulkart as a payment instrument in affiliates of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, such as ISPARK A.S. (parking), KULTUR A.S. (culture) and SAGLIK A.S. (health).
- Istanbulkart is easy to use. It is able to work contactless and practical to carry.
- Istanbulkart is totally secure. It is impossible to copy the card or load credit except for the certified booths. Loading and validating systems are configured over different electronic systems and codes, and have technologic protection. Personalized electronic cards have credit protection for getting lost or stolen. Their credits are transferred to their new cards.
- Istanbulkart is an advantageous card. It provides the opportunity to make discounted trips thanks to different product ranges and transfer option.
- Istanbulkart provides uninterrupted trips. Istanbulkart, which can be used in all transport authorities in Istanbul, enables uninterrupted travels thanks to its full integration feature.
- Istanbulkart is open for improvement. Its infrastructure, allowing multi-applications, proves that it has a high potential in order to be used as a payment instrument and city card.
And that’s what we plan entegration of public transports with metrolines to have in 2019.
MURCIA SMART CITY- INTERNATIONAL POINT OF REFERENCE
Murcia (Spain) has been selected by the EU as an international point of reference for its model of intelligent urban development.
The announcement was made by the Mayor of Murcia, José Ballesta when outlined the strategic lines of the Murcia Smart City project at the “Future Cities in Latin America and Spain Congress” held at the International University Menéndez Pelayo in Santander (Spain), organized by one of the most important business forums “Future in Spanish,”. And Murcia will exchange experiences and best practises with the cities of Buenos Aires, Campo Grande, Guadalajara and Montevideo.
At the International Forum Mayor José Ballesta announced “our ‘smart’ model has been selected by the European Commission as a reference at a European and International level, and we would be more than happy to share it with the capitals of Latin America, and within the Transfer Network Sustainable Urban Knowledge (URBELAC) performing an exchange of experiences with the cities of Buenos Aires, Campo Grande, Guadalajara and Montevideo”.
Furthermore, Mr. Ballesta stated “the ultimate purpose of a Smart City is to achieve efficient management of every area that comprises city (urban planning, transport, services, education, health, security, energy, etc.), while meeting the needs of the city and its citizens, and in Murcia we have a solid project to achieve this goal.”
The strategic lines of intelligent urban development project MiMurcia have been organized into four areas:
A COMUNICATING CITY COUNSIL: Its aim is to create a direct communication channel with citizens to provide flexible and personalised information through geolocation, as well as the option for citizens to receive information on, and subscribe to, different cultural or recreational activities, for which alerts can be established.
A PROBLEM SOLVING CITY COUNCIL: A single Web portal where citizens can perform most of the current administrative procedures using e-Government services is being created.
A CITY COUNCIL OPEN TO ITS CITIZENS: Aiming to promote citizens’ initiatives, transparency and participation, and the availability of open data sets. Under this initiative the prototype of the TuMurcia participation platform has already been launched, focussing on mobile devices, which allows you to send ideas for the city, warn of incidents or urban imperfections, participate in surveys or access a direct chat for citizen services.
A SUSTAINABLE CITY COUNCIL: The main objective is to promote the optimal use of the cities facilities making them energy efficient, with an intelligent lighting system, an efficient method of waste collection and efficient city traffic management.
“It isn’t a time of change; it is the change of an era”, José Ballesta said, “we are not only living a time of change, but the change of an era, an era in which cities are the new engines of the global economy.
The Mayor also made special reference to the projects the City of Murcia is involved in, mentioning, amongst others, the Roadmaps for Energy Project (R4E), of which he stated, “an innovative project, and example of cooperation and sharing of best practises between partners” the project was introduced as an initiative under the European “Horizon 2020” initiative, focussed on the model of citizen services cities and municipalities should offer, “the main areas of the R4E project are; smart buildings, smart mobility and smart urban spaces, using a Smart City approach”.
There are “cities with a project”, and “cities without a project”. But only with a strategy of steady growth, solid leadership, and the input of all sectors of society, will we reach and attain a “smart balance” between the three main components of urban growth: economic competitiveness, social cohesion, and environmental sustainability.”
The mayor also stressed that “technology can not only make our cities more efficient and more sustainable, but also more equalitarian,” adding that “promoting a Smart City does not just involve technology, instrumental or functional, it involves placing the people, our citizens, at the centre of urban and social development.”
Murcia’s 1st Citizen Participation Congress
On the 8th of July 2016 Murcia City Hall celebrated its first Citizen Participation Congress. The “I Congress of Citizen Participation” is a singular initiative that combines local government in its traditional sense (decision making and daily tasks) with transparency, citizen participation and a modern approach to governance itself.
(Mayor José Ballesta adressing the gathered stakeholders)
The daylong event consisted of, amongst other things, a government council meeting that was open to the public (not to be confused with city council meetings which are always open to the public), presentations on various important topics Murcia City Hall is currently working on, amongst them the “Murcia Smart City Plan” and the “Murcia 2020 City Strategy” but also European Projects, especially the “Roadmaps for Energy” Project and the “URBACT Interactive Cities” Project.
Both projects strive to modernise local government in various fields, Smart Mobility & Smart Buildings, and Citizen Participation & Urban Regeneration respectively. The Councilmember for Government Modernization, Urban Quality & Participation, José Guillén, stated “We want new technologies to serve the public, giving better service, improving the quality of life and facilitating their relationship with the local government, being able to do so from the comfort of their own homes.”
Mercedes Hernandez, head of European Programmes, explained how the URBACT Interactive Cities project explores how digital, social media improve the relation between local government and the citizens, be it through citizen engagement, cohesion, identity or values, revisiting the relationship between the citizens and their city’s management, improving the quality of public services, etc. A project in which partners exchange knowledge and experiences in the use of communication tools, creating a joined transversal and multidisciplinary process of which the end-goal has always been the improvement of the quality of life for all of our citizens.
As for the part concerning the Roadmaps for Energy Project (R4E), the project was introduced as an initiative under the European “Horizon 2020”, paying special attention to the characterisation and the model of citizen services cities and municipalities should offer, the main areas of focus of the R4E project being, smart buildings, smart mobility and smart urban spaces, within the Smart City approach.