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Car-free day in Tallinn
Car-free day is the main event during the European Mobility Week. Car-free day has been organised in Tallinn for more than 20 years. This year car-free day was celebrated on September 20, in the district of Northern Tallinn. During the European Mobility Week the City of Tallinn allowed all driver’s licence holders to use city’s public transport for free by showing their driver’s licence. Additionally Snupsi, the mascot for the Environmentally Friendly Mobility Month in Tallinn, visited all the kindergartens in the district of Northern Tallinn during the European Mobility Week to educate children on different modes of transport e.g. taking the bus/tram/trolley or riding a bike, but also teaching them about safety rules in traffic and inviting children to the car-free day.
During the car-free day traffic was restricted on Telliskivi street (pictured), which is located on the side of the Telliskivi Creative City in the district of Northern Tallinn where the big family festival celebrating Car-free Day took place. During the Car-free Day several fun and engaging activities took place at the Telliskivi Creative City as well as on the closed Telliskivi street. For example two different tours were organised by the Environment Department with the objective of getting people to walk and cycle more. A guided bicycle tour took people around the district of Northern Tallinn visiting several examples of different architectural styles for apartment buildings in the area. A guided walking tour introduced the Telliskivi Creative City. Various types of alternative transport were promoted and showcased during the event as well: e.g. electric solowheels, electric bicycles, roller skates, scooters etc.
Another exciting activity was the Orienteering Race, which has been an important part of the car-free day in Tallinn already for four years. The idea of the race is to use public transport (bus, tram, train, trolley) to get from one checkpoint to another in the course of 2 hours. The checkpoints are distributed all over the city (pictured). This event is increasingly popular, with over 700 participants in this year’s race. As public transport in Tallinn is free for all city’s residents, this race is an effective tool to further increase the use of public transport in Tallinn. It encourages people to move around the city using public transport, saving time, money and the environment. The idea comes from Madeira, Portugal, where it is organised every autumn. The main prizes for this years’ race were stylish and comfortable urban bicycles.
The R4E project is making good progress, and now we can proudly announce the publication of our “Ambition setting” report. Certainly, this report is the proof of the effort and the work done during the first 9 months of the project. This work has been materialized in a detailed and valuable document for the R4E project partners about the ambitions established for their cities in the following focus areas: “Smart buildings”, “Smart mobility” and “Smart urban spaces”. The “Ambition setting” report can be downloaded from this link.
This report synthesizes the work done during that first stage of the project and it has been set up thanks to the contribution and findings of the 8 “Ambition workshops” held in the partners’ cities, Eindhoven, Tallinn, Murcia, Istanbul, Sant Cugat del Valles, Newcastle, Forli y Palermo. Specific “Ambition setting” annexes have been released for each project partner where extended and more technical information is provided, please use this link to download the full document.
The “Ambition workshops”.-
During these “Ambition workshops”, all partners’ cities have involved their policy makers, municipal experts, local companies and related “focus areas” entities in order to enrich as much as possible the outcomes of these working meetings. The goal was to define all together how each city should be and what services must provide their citizens in 2050.Some pictures from the “Ambition workshop” in Eindhoven (first row) and Istambul (second row).
These workshops have taken advantage of assistants’ experience and willingness with the aim of fostering the exchange of ideas and build long-term relationships. Different inputs from different actors have contributed to develop a coherent and solid range of ambitions for the future about smart buildings, smart mobility and smart urban spaces in every partner city.
These innovative workshops have been the core of the work methodology planned for the R4E project. As mentioned before, they have triggered the cooperation between participants from different backgrounds and expertise, and have been surprisingly useful to create debate, contrast different points of view and to pool knowledge. As a result, we have been able to define the ambitions of each city regarding the mentioned focus areas in an integrating and fruitful way.
Finally, here we have some pictures from the ambition workshops in the cities of Newcastle and Palermo.
The time frame chosen for the “Ambition setting” in the R4E Project is 2050, that period of time is large enough to set the objectives (ambitions) of each city with plenty of freedom without being constrained by technological solutions, and at the same time, that time frame allows cities to plan the actions far ahead to get deep transformations in the focus areas selected.
In this recently completed phase, which is the first of the four phases or stages in which the R4E project is planned, the needs, ambitions and priorities have been established, and now we have to define and start developing those future desirable scenarios from the point of view of each of the three focus areas. The summary of the four steps process in which the project is planned is shown in the following figure:
Therefore, the second stage of the project is the “Vision development” and another 8 specific workshops will be held to defined all the generic elements for the future scenarios in the partners’ cities.
R4E project in Forlì
The city of Forlì is engaged in imagining its future in 2050 and devising ways to shape it. Such activity is possible thanks to the participation to R4E – Roadmaps for Energy – project that gained funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 program. These reflections focus on energy efficiency of public buildings and public spaces. Public buildings are often valuable from historical and cultural points of view and define the character of the city. These buildings can play an exemplary role in terms of refurbishment and can act as drivers for city renovation. Public spaces are traditionally the core space for social living: squares, parks and streets are where people meet and interact. Such role remains crucial despite the internet era of virtual socialization we are living in.
The reflections in Forlì started from what we have now as a reference point, as a good example to start from for the future.
University campus in Forlì
San Domenico complex
Over the summer a number of workshops have been held in Forlì with the support of the Technological University of Eindhoven in order to define the ambitions of the city in 2050. These workshops saw the participation of councillors, civil servants and local stakeholders from different groups and associations.
The Mayor of Forlì Davide Drei with Elke Den Ouden and Rianne Valkenburg
Some key ideas emerged from these discussions: the value of the historical and cultural heritage of our city not only in terms of due preservation but also as a mean to revitalize city life (e.g. new uses to historical buildings, a thriving cultural life). The importance of having a the city centre that act as social, business and residential core for the rest of the city. The role of citizens as key promoters of their city by maintaining private and public spaces and benefiting from the social opportunities offered by well-thought urban spaces. Territorial cooperation as a winning way for economic sustainable development.
Reflections on the future of the city also regarded the “smart cities” theme. Internet access, new web-based services, apps for improving daily activities are key elements when thinking of our future, however it emerged that the concept of “smartness” cannot be reduced to technological improvements and gadgets. In Forlì maintaining the social dimension of our city is the most ambitious “smart” objective.
The results of the workshops will be shortly available as full report on the website of the Municipality:
The city of Murcia already has its own public bicycle sharing system. The system has been called “MUyBICI” and its goal is to bring closer the bicycle to Murcia’s citizens through a simple, effective and affordable approach.“MUyBICI” has been the result of a contract that does not involve any cost to the Murcia City Council ,in excahnge, the company awarded the contract will exploit its operation for 10 years including the advertising revenue.
The system has a total of 60 docking stations located throughout the city center and a total of 600 bicycles available to the “MUyBICI” users.Both the number of docking stations and the bikes are expected to be expanded if demand grows in the coming years. The annual subscription is charged at 48.40 euros, 21.78 euros monthly and 3.63 euros daily. This fee will allow users to make use of the bicycles of any docking station with a maximum usage time of one hour. The success of the system will also lie on more than 160 kilometers of bike paths and 190 kilometers of streets considered as Area 30 (speed limited to 30km/h).
In order to facilitate the use of “MUyBICI”, the cards with which you access the system are sold directly on MUyBICI’s docking stations , through multimedia information point where the subscription payment can be done by credit card. Also, for convenience, users can also log into the system via the official website of MUyBICI, www.muybici.org or through a smart phone using the APP developed for that purpose. Both the APP and and the website allow users to find out how many bycicles are available in each docking station. We must keep in mind that the use of bicycles in cities not only saves money in transportation and environmental protection, but also contributes to the generation of employment.
In recent years, businesses engaged in the manufacture, repair and bicycle sales have increased and those who already existed have been consolidated. With the aim of contributing to the local economy, the fabrication of MUyBICI’s bicycles has been made by another local company with the consequent benefit to the business growth in the Municipality.
In words of José Ballesta, Mayor of Murcia, after his visit to the factory where these bikes are made: “It is an element of modernity, quality of life and reduce pollution, coupled with ‘green jobs’ generated”. Lola Sánchez, Deputy Mayor for Traffic and Security , in relation to the same subject also added: “The public bicycle not only creates quality of life, we are promoting employment in companies in Murcia”.
Accompanying the need to promote sustainable mobility in Murcia, the service “MUyBICI” is going to include electric charging points in several docking stations located in the most representative spots of the city. The goal is to get the electric scooters and bicycles to charge for free without having to leave the city center. This action stems from the commitment of the Murcia City Council for promoting and facilitating the introduction of the electric scooters in the market under the European Project “Ele.C.Ttra” which aims to foster the use of electric scooters in urban areas.
Roadmaps for Energy (R4E) is a project funded under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. In the R4E project the 10 consortium partners will work together to develop a new type of energy strategy, which they call their Energy Roadmap.
R4E focuses on developing vision creation and roadmapping capacities within municipalities to initiate joint activities to spur development and implementation of innovative energy solutions in cities. The ultimate aim is to implement a process that allows the 8 partner cities to develop roadmaps for the various themes that together form the Energy Roadmap towards their ambition of becoming Smart Cities.
R4E focuses on three areas within the domain of sustainable energy that are closely linked to the municipalities main responsibilities:
> Smart buildings
> Smart mobility
> Smart Urban spaces
Eindhoven is coordinator of R4E. Within R4E, Eindhoven will focus on Smart mobility and Smart urban spaces. The project contributes to a stronger coordination of the different (existing) roadmaps in Eindhoven, and will thus strengthen and support other ongoing activities related to Smart Cities in Eindhoven.
> Total budget: EUR 1,999,840.00
> Duration: 1 March 2015 – 1 March 2018 (36 months)
> Website: www.roadmapsforenergy.eu
A seminar for politicians
Together with the Water Board, the ambitions for the Smart urban space for Eindhoven have been formulated. The focus of R4E for this part concentrates on green and water. On September 8th, the Eindhoven team for R4E presented the project to the Council of the municipality of Eindhoven, to the Water Board and to some civil servants.
During the presentation, the R4E project was further explained: which steps have already been taken and which will follow. Besides, an explanation concerning the ambitions of the Pag.3 Water Board and the municipality was provided. The content of those ambitions can be summarized as follows:
· The urban space is designed with appreciation towards nature and designed in such way that the effects of climate change
can be resisted;
· Cooperation in the water chain is needed to obtain a more livable and a healthier habitat;
· Waste water is a source of energy and raw materials (circular).
Afterwards, examples were used to explain how these ambitions are being shaped at this moment. There are already several projects to:
· Improve the climate resistance of the city (like greening the city, not only on municipal land but also on private terrains);
· Improve the surface water (mostly focusing on the decline of the quality when heavy rain showers occur);
· Recover energy and raw materials from waste streams (like fermentation of sludge and recover raw materials from sewage sludge);
· Increase the awareness of citizens of the city towards climate change and how they could contribute to obtain solutions (among others by decreasing the solidification of private terrains and the placement of rooftop gardens).
At the end, a discussion about how to strengthen the collaboration between the different parties took place, where the topic of communication was extensively discussed. The participants experienced the meeting as inspiring and constructive and will be followed up in upcoming meetings, and also in information letters and in the final decision-making process.
There is no doubt for Traffic Management to be an issue in a crowded city connecting two continents such as Istanbul. Considering that the whole system is managed from one central unit of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (IMM), complexity of processes, intensity of data exchange and difficulty of administration become more understandable. Based on the statistical data generated by Traffic Control Center (TCC), where this challenge is taken on since 1995, the growth of the demands placed upon traffic in years has become obvious. Again, according to TCC’s predictions for 2019, it is expected to be 33 million daily trips. How could there be more vehicles & more people but less traffic in the near future?
It is very difficult to make changes in existing city plans and add new paths to the road network for the cities with ancient and dense settlements. Today, cutting-edge technologies take the role to answer “How and when to get from point A to point B” question and make traffic management smarter.
As being a unit of IMM Traffic Directorate, TCC has installed more than 900 traffic cameras and 900 various types of road sensors with its significant investments since 1995 in order to provide data for drivers, passengers and pedestrians.
Table 2 demonstrates the types of road sensors. Traffic cameras are used for observation purpose and mounted on poles with 20meters height. TCC shares live camera streams with municipality’s all departments, Governorship of Istanbul and Disaster Management Center (AKOM). Beside real-time stream, historical incident data analysis is possible with traffic cameras. Collected data is the source of many ITS applications and presented via different platforms for being more accessible by the citizens.
200 of these sensors are powered by alternative energy.
Weather condition has adverse effects on traffic, especially when required precautions are not taken. Snow-fighting without detailed instant data is both inefficient and high-cost. As a solution to these problems, 35 Automatic Road and Weather Sensor stations are installed. Gathered data from these stations is published for informing citizens. With Vpad technology adapted to snow removal vehicles, directing these vehicles to icing predicted regions immediately and using right amount of salting solutions can be provided.
EVERYTHING GOES ONLINE
TCC Web Site (http://tkm.ibb.gov.tr) has been serving since 2005 with getting ~50.000 hits per day. With more installation of equipment in field, precision and accuracy of data has increased. Beside instant traffic data, applications developed with enhanced and customized algorithms such as “Travel Time Calculation”, “Sensor Failure Detection” and “Automated Incident Detection” interprets gathered raw data and serve it to the public. User-friendly interface of “Traffic Density Map”, which is also available in web site, demonstrates traffic information. Instant traffic density, live traffic cameras, warnings, messages and notifications, weather condition data, available parking spaces and traffic statistics are provided in a clear manner.
TCC has also published mobile traffic application for smart phone platform which is currently the most common application platform. As being the first map based traffic application, it is densely used by the citizens with more than 5.5 million downloads. Call Center working for 24/7 and placed in TCC gives public service for the citizens who prefer phone calls rather than mobile application and receives 2000 calls per day.
BOARDS STEER ROUTE DECISIONS
Instant traffic information is published via not only individual but also public platforms in constant places such as Variable Message Signs (VMS), Dynamic Message Sign (DMS), Variable Traffic Signs (VTS) and Lane Control System (LCS). Path or lane-based routing is provided with 70 VMSs, 20 DMSs, 58 LCSs and numerous VTSs are located all over Istanbul. Smart Parking System provides instant available parking lots and directs drivers accordingly. Dynamic information is displayed on board.
City’s Traffic Management also covers centralized Signalization management system, Electronic Violation Detection System (EDS), Vertical & Horizontal Markings and Educational & Public Awareness studies. 2030 signalization units are installed all over the city to guarantee safety within the intersections. While all units are capable of working locally in different modes according to intersections’ characteristics, all units are connected to TCC and have the ability to be managed remotely.
Istanbul is one the first metropolises who fully transformed city’s signal transmitters from incandescent lamp to Light Emitting Diode (LED). Beside this technology’s long economic life and maintenance advantages, less carbon emission, low heat and light pollution rate, up to 85% low power consumption contributes to environmental protection. Thanks to the leadership of Istanbul in this field since 2002, $ 2.5 million per year energy savings are achieved.
WATCH OUT! VIOLATION IS NOT ALLOWED!
Different types of traffic violations are automatically detected with EDS in 300 different points. With almost 10Million $ of IMM investment, the system was established and its sustainability is provided with 1.2Million $ annually.
IMM takes care of community awareness about traffic with 2 traffic education parks closed to traffic with computer-supported classes and education simulators. In between 2014-2015, almost 80.000 students from 800 different schools are trained in order to gain traffic knowledge.
Welcome to the Roadmaps for Energy Project (R4E Project). This project is the result of a great effort and willingness from 10 European partners for improving the quality of life of their citizens while being respectful with the use of energy resources.
The Project coordinator is the city of Eindhoven (NL), while Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), more specifically the TU/e LightHouse, experienced in developing Visions & Roadmaps for municipalities, has a major role in the process of R4E, supporting and guiding each partner city through the entire process.
This project will focus its efforts in planning and rolling out realistic and affordable actions towards creating innovative energy policies within the fields of smart buildings, smart mobility and smart urban spaces.
The consortium formed by the cities of Eindhoven, Newscatle, Istambul, Palermo, Tallinn, Murcia, Sant Cugat del Vallés, Forli, TU/e and the UPC (Polytechnic University of Catalonia) held the kick off meeting in Eindhoven on 3 and 4 march 2015.
During the project, with a total duration of 3 years, a number of workshops with local stakeholders will be hold as part of the planning of the project. The project partners will contact companies and organisations involved in energy related topics and more specific to the focus areas of smart buildings, smart mobility and smart urban spaces to take part in these workshops. Some of such expected stakeholders are: public transport organizations or contractors, housing associations, energy suppliers and of course public sector decision and policy makers from the partners cities.
The involvement of these different stakeholders is crucial to enrich and make possible the process of developing valuable and reliable roadmaps for the themes of the project.
Should you are interested in further information don’t hesitate to download the project brochure through this link.