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Sant Cugat: R4E in the Smart City Expo & World Congress. Barcelona, 14th-17th Nov, 2016

Sant Cugat: R4E in the Smart City Expo & World Congress. Barcelona.

 The city of Sant Cugat del Vallès was present in the Smart City Expo & World Congress of Barcelona this year. Sant Cugat is well known as a very active and comitted city in terms of developing innovative projects and actions in the fields of urban infraestructures, the improvement of recreations areas likes parks and gardens and the creations of smart city tools to make life easier to its inhabitants. As a result, apart from its participation in the R4E project, Sant Cugat is also involved in other EU funded projects such as: Newtrend, Optimus and Chess set up.

r4e-sant-cugat-del-valles-scewc16-2Gerard Riba from Sant Cugat del Vallès Municipality explanning the key aspects of the project Chess Set Up.

Sant Cugat exhibited an own stand in the Expo and was a showcase of the lastest projects and actions that the Municipality has been involved in. The R4E project was introduced as one of its main projects in terms of expected impact in the city, involvement of stakeholders and relevancy of the measure that will derive from its outcomes.

r4e-sant-cugat-del-valles-scewc16-1Gerard Riba showing the work donde within the R4E project so far.

Tallinn Vision Development 2050

Vision development for Tallinn 2050

The R4E project has completed the “Vision development” stage, which consisted of designing the services and characteristics that our cities should offer in the year 2050, based on the opinions and contributions of municipal experts of each city, their stakeholders, politicians and municipal managers. To better illustrate the process, images have been created that reflect the way our cities could look in 2050, including the services and characteristics agreed upon in the workshops for each of the project’s focus areas.


In 2050, people in Tallinn value sustainable behaviour and renewable energy. They take individual responsibility for energy saving, and the remaining energy demand is affordable for all. Renewable energy sources such as heat pumps, biofuels and energy from the sea enable a CO2-neutral city.

All existing buildings have had a far-reaching renovation and modernisation, with respect for their historical heritage. All the energy systems are automated and connected. Smart materials and equipment contribute to an energy-neutral city.

Integrated and flexible city planning values an energy-efficient smart city. Planners have the knowledge and awareness to work at an integrated system level. Their work takes into account all relevant issues, and provides the flexibility to adapt to changing situations. These policies are implemented through specific, integrated district plans.


What characterises the city of Tallinn in the focus areas of Smart Mobility and Smart Buildings and the elements of the desired future scenario are:

1. Distributed services

Services in Tallinn are distributed in decentral hubs around the city, with logical clusters of services according to the needs of the people in the area. The hubs are connected by free (self-driving) public transport and light traffic highways for safe and comfortable commuting by (e-)bike. Households enjoy sharing facilities for sauna, laundry and mobility. The newest technologies for generating electricity and charging devices are widely available.

2. Prefab building modules

Buildings are constructed and renovated with prefab building blocks using state- of-the-art, sustainable and energy-efficient materials. Smart technical systems are integrated in the modules, so technical rooms are small. The blocks allow flexible additions to buildings to add extra space or change functionalities (e.g. accommodating changes in schools). New technologies such as 3D printing allow high flexibility and custom design for architectural freedom.

3. Smart public services

Public services (home care, medical care, sports training, education etc.) are remotely accessible. Smart solutions enable service delivery at home (e.g. measuring blood pressure). An integrated system (like a web portal) offers access to services from all companies, and makes it easy to search for and find the right ones. The use of artificial intelligence allows tuning to individual needs, and providing useful services and incentives (e.g. comparing ecological footprints).

4. Flexible use of public buildings

Public buildings (schools, churches, theatres) in Tallinn are used intensively. People can book rooms, buildings and equipment for different purposes through an online portal, e.g. using schools in the evening for computer training for adults, yoga classes in a gym or office rooms for short-term rental by start-ups. The buildings are showcases of energy efficiency and provide energy for the community (e.g. as carriers of PV panels for shared use) and energy education.

5. Sophisticated renovation

All buildings are deeply renovated with the newest technologies for energy efficiency, and are connected to CO2-neutral district solutions for heating and electricity generation. Flexible funding schemes and incentives (e.g. tax breaks or prizes) drive people to achieve the highest saving with the best indoor climate through renovation and behavioural change. Local government demonstrates and encourages good practice, and provides temporary housing during renovation.



In 2050, citizens in Tallinn enjoy an attractive, clean and quiet living environment that encourages sustainable behaviour. The cityscape is dense, so all services are within easy reach or are provided in the home. More public space is allocated to living, and less to motorised transport.

Smooth, seamless public transport connects all the city areas. Smart planning is used to respond dynamically to the changing demand for the transport of people and goods. The transport and ticketing systems around the Baltic Sea are integrated in a way that is simple, comfortable, affordable (free), clean and fast.

Planning and decision-making processes are based on open collaboration that includes different views and knowledge sources. Tallinn is recognised as a front-runner in openness. Citizens are aware of their roles, and actively take part in making decisions that influence their living environment.

 1. Human scale squares

The city’s streets and squares are designed around people. The urban environment is safe, attractive and suitable for a wide range of social interactions. The design of the spaces, with an extensive network of cycle tracks and pedestrian-only areas, gives clear priority to walking, cycling and new modes of personal mobility like self-driving bikes and wheelchairs. This ensures easy accessibility for all citizens.

2. Vehicles on renewable energy

All vehicles, bikes and cars are shared, self-driving and adaptive to the available infrastructure. A shared electrical vehicle system provides the city with renewable energy storage by allowing access to the vehicle batteries. The smart infrastructure collects information from the vehicles for the central system, through which users receive relevant information such as traffic signs, traffic information and navigation suggestions.

3. Innovative public transport

Different energy-efficient mobility modes include more flexible infrastructure, like trams with magnetic tracks for midrange distances between the neighbourhoods. The non-disruptive infrastructure allows shared use by all vehicles. For longer distances, an integrated public transport system covers Estonia, Scandinavia and the Baltic States, based on superfast and energy-efficient solutions.

4. Metropole Talsinki

Tallinn and Helsinki together form one big metropolis, with the advantages of economy of scale. This also provides advantages for direct goods logistics connections to Helsinki and beyond. Tallinn is a key hub between mainland Europe and Helsinki. The airport in Tallinn and a high speed transportation system provide fast, comfortable and reliable links for people and goods, and have a positive impact on the labour market and economics.

5. Data system

The ‘Smart Department’ of Tallinn collects and analyses real-time information for use in smart algorithms that optimise the system based on people’s needs. The system is used for decision-making and planning purposes, such as parking & charging of e-vehicles and use of public transport lines. All kinds of applications use the resulting information to provide users with valuable services.

All these ideas and input have emerged from the participatory workshops that have taken place in the city of Tallinn and whose images can be seen below:



Newcastle Vision Development 2050

Vision development for Newcastle 2050

The R4E project has completed the “Vision development” stage, which consisted of designing the services and characteristics that our cities should offer in the year 2050, based on the opinions and contributions of municipal experts of each city, their stakeholders, politicians and municipal managers. To better illustrate the process, images have been created that reflect the way our cities could look in 2050, including the services and characteristics agreed upon in the workshops for each of the project’s focus areas.


In 2050, people in Newcastle enjoy energy-efficient buildings with a high level of comfort. All homes and non-domestic buildings are connected to an effective energy system, to achieve net-zero energy consumption and net-zero emission. Newcastle has adopted a collective approach to decisions in the infrastructure that enables joint decision-making with stakeholders in the city. Urban planning takes a broad wide-area view to take full advantages of the opportunities extending beyond site or estate boundaries and city limits. Through the open data centre the City Council and its partners are able to implement evidence-based policies and decision-making. Residents are empowered and have the means and the wish to make responsible choices on their own energy usage and investments.

What characterises the city of Newcastle in the focus areas of Smart Buildings and the elements of the desired future scenario are:

Sustainable buildings

Homes and non-domestic buildings provide high levels of comfort with sustainable energy solutions. They support their users with personalised advice to save energy in line with their lifestyles. Retrofit solutions as well as new innovative buildings ensure that all buildings are sustainable. Buildings are exemplary in their use of innovative and sustainable technologies. High visibility of the solutions supports their adoption as well

as a thriving building sector that ‘exports’ design and consulting services. In this way the standard of the buildings is raised, adding value to existing business models in the local community.

Smart infrastructures Infrastructure interconnects local grids for different energy sources, such as electricity, temperature control (heating and cooling), water and data, and connects the local grids to regional and national levels. Local grids enable communities to invest in and share sustainable solutions with peers, and support optimal use of renewable energy and the specific features and qualities of separate buildings. All buildings are connected to the grid, receiving and transmitting information to peers or to a wider network with respect for the privacy of the users.


The top layer of the visual represents different type of buildings and sharing options, with an increasing complexity of the solutions. This builds up from a (perfect) house, connected within the neighbourhood, through a community hub around a (public) building, shared use and modular buildings, right up to the future living environment.

At the bottom left the new policy and planning process are shown as a way to manage future-proofing. Elements of the desired future scenario here are the flow of benefits between stakeholders, and city-wide planning (around the table) to align information and decision-making.

At the right of the visual are the underlying infrastructure and personal schemes, which are needed to enable all the other solutions.

1. Flow of benefits

An integrated planning and development process optimises the flow of benefits for different stakeholders. The value of ‘community gain’ is considered (not just financial gain) is considered through local integration. A long-term perspective allows business models and decision making to consider state-of-the-art solutions and to avoid the need for renovation. Democratic decision-making enables future retrofitting with participation by residents.

2. City-wide planning

Policy-making and planning in Newcastle are based on a city-wide plan. This fully integrates all assets and their interactions, so the total impact on the surrounding can be considered. A collaborative approach together with all stakeholders drives alignment of information and leads to better decisions. Through regional cooperation, one set of principles provides developers with progressive standards to achieve sustainable projects.

3. The perfect house

Houses are designed for people. Connectivity with the energy and data net provides valuable services for comfortable living (e.g. tele-care). People can make responsible choices, even from options they did not think of themselves. The smart house manages itself according to set parameters. Simplicity and accessibility are the norm: people have freedom of choice, with full control of their homes and their lives.

4. Community energy benefits

People living in Newcastle‘s estates jointly benefit from shared sustainable resources provided through local grid solutions. Residents share energy solutions tailored to their homes (e.g. PV panels on south-facing roofs, or turbines in ‘windy gardens’, with basement for batteries). The grid provides local interconnectivity promoting community-building and cultural change

5. Community hubs

Residents, businesses and public organisations share energy through a two-way interactive local grid. This increases resilience, benefitting from the strengths of features and investments in other buildings. The benefits of energy investments and production are retained within the community. A smart (virtual) infrastructure allows matching of fluctuations in energy supply and demand energy.

6. Shared-use buildings

Smart (wireless) systems enable flexible use of buildings with variable occupancy patterns and users’ needs. Office buildings, shopping centres, community buildings and schools can meet varying demands for space by providing the required energy, lighting and heating according to specific user and activity profiles. The building minimises energy consumption by recognising recurring patterns of use.

7. Modular buildings

Modular buildings offer smart systems, increasing flexibility for reconfiguration of spaces and energy systems (biomass boilers, heat pumps, PV modules). Smart building controls enable internal restructuring. Flexibility de-risks the business case for investors to make the building structures future-proof. Newcastle can exploit its heritage of building large ships and offshore structures to develop core structures that can be clad with modules.

8. Future living

Citizens’ daily living patters have changed significantly. Buildings suit the activities of future citizens, with flexibility between working, living and leisure activities. Future buildings offer a range of facilities and technologies to encourage social interaction.

9. Personal energy schemes

Individual energy schemes with personal roaming profiles allow the use of (wireless) energy and data where and when they are needed. These provide access to new services such as telecare or energy donations. The scheme enables localised trading, sharing and lending of resources through peer-to-peer networks. The scheme addresses different lifestyles and provides individual budgets and advice for behaviour based on planned and predicted usage.

10. Energy infrastructure

The energy infrastructure enables gradual replacement of non-sustainable energy sources by renewable energy in buildings as well as regionally (e.g. wind parks and solar farms). Optimisations are done at the appropriate levels, linking local, regional and national grids. Shared data and knowledge from all stakeholders feed into the city-wide plan and support future-proof decision-making. In 2050, Newcastle is a net-zero emissions city.

All these ideas and input have emerged from the participatory workshops that have taken place in the city of Newcastle and whose images can be seen below:



Sant Cugat Vision Development 2050

Vision development for Sant Cugat 2050

The R4E project has completed the “Vision development” stage, which consisted of designing the services and characteristics that our cities should offer in the year 2050, based on the opinions and contributions of municipal experts of each city, their stakeholders, politicians and municipal managers. To better illustrate the process, images have been created that reflect the way our cities could look in 2050, including the services and characteristics agreed upon in the workshops for each of the project’s focus areas.


In 2050, all the stakeholders in Sant Cugat value collaboration and shared responsibility to manage their energy pro-actively. Both owners and occupiers of buildings value the opportunity to save energy and water.

They do this by using the latest energy-saving technologies and energy- efficient system designs. These concepts add up to significant energy savings. But people don’t have to make any compromises on the comfort of their (living) environment. The latest technologies are also applied in the materials used in buildings and in the urban space. For example with materials that can clean the air, and take advantage of the kinetic energy of cars, bikes and pedestrians, transforming this energy into other forms that are useful for citizens.

Renewable resources are valued because they create a self-sufficient smart energy grid connecting all the individual buildings and neighbourhoods. The desired future scenario makes a distinction between the different type of buildings — family houses, apartments, public buildings and offices — addressing specific opportunities and solutions. Those solutions can also be applied in other areas and categories when the need arises.


What characterises the city of Sant Cugat in the focus areas of Smart Buildings and Smart Urban Spaces and the elements of the desired future scenario are:

1. Smart communities

In 2050, owners of family houses are aware of the need for sustainable energy, water and waste services. They invest in systems and share them with their neighbours, so together they can afford a range of solutions for energy (generation and storage), water, food and waste. Together, they form a self-sufficient community. Smart homes provide a high level of comfort, with easy access to services like healthcare, so people can continue to live independently in their own homes.

2. Saving through sharing

Apartments in 2050 provide both shared and private areas and services. Next to gyms, gardens and swimming pools, sharing also extends to kitchen, dining areas, office spaces for teleworking, and many other facilities. Green roofs provide shared gardens and urban farming spaces. These are interconnected to provide green walking routes. Basements offer common parking spaces for bikes and charging points for shared vehicles.

3. Empowerment by example

Public buildings in 2050 are like a service rather than just a space. They make efficient use of space by adapting to the needs of the users – e.g. smart services to optimise behaviour. Nature and natural resources are used, like plants and green, to reduce the impact of the building. Public buildings are showcases for the highest possible energy efficiency and teach and empower citizens towards sustainable behaviour.

4. Campuses as incubators

In 2050, offices and campuses are small villages in themselves, providing local facilities and services. They open up to citizens and connect to the community. The controlled environment of campuses and the predictable patterns of use, make them ideal incubators to test new solutions for energy exchange, self-driving mobility and other shared services. All systems use and provide open data, supporting start-ups in developing new business.

5. Open smart grid

In 2050, a smart grid connects all buildings and public services. The system is accessible by all users and providers of energy, water and other resources (waste disposal). It allows users to choose from a range of available options. It brings together supply and demand, anticipating weather and other conditions and use patterns. The system enables self-sufficiency at city level. It uses open data, although citizens are in charge of their own data and of the system.



In 2050, the citizens of Sant Cugat enjoy a high-quality environment for well-being. People feel responsible for sustainability and engage in collaborative urban planning, use and maintenance.

A high-quality living environment supports healthy lifestyles. An ecological system connects the green areas and enables multifunctional use of urban spaces. The result is an increase in social activities, and in walking and cycling.

The newest technologies are applied in the materials used in buildings and urban spaces. For example, materials that can clean the air and take advantage of the kinetic energy of cars, bikes, and pedestrians transforming this energy into other forms that are useful for citizens. Circular systems for water, food, waste and energy are managed efficiently for maximum re-use of resources.

The environment is designed around people as users of different urban spaces, such as school areas, parks, streets and urban green (visualised in the top layer of the desired future scenario). The spaces are supported by smart systems to allow for a variety of services. All subsystems are balanced by the city ‘brain’ (top right) This is all brought together in the city landscape as a holistic city ecosystem, in which all materials, water and air flows are of high quality.

1. Empowered people

People are proud to live and/or work in Sant Cugat. They drive initiatives, supported by the administration. Social discussion groups (with good representation of the community) co-create their living environment. A database with the latest data and historical knowledge supports living with lower use of resources. Visibility of the (now invisible) infrastructure and resources enables responsible management and anticipation by citizens themselves.

2. Multi-use of urban space

The urban spaces all over the city are used more flexible and cater for different activities. Spaces can be rented for short-term use (e.g. playing football) or for longer-term use (e.g. urban gardening) through an app. Facilities can also be booked, and will be tuned to the activity (business meetings, sports and games, picnics etc.). Citizens engage in social activities with respect for the environment and for other people. The elderly, children and the disabled can use the spaces safely.

3. Resilience of the city

The resources available in the different areas are shared at city level in a circular system. This is done territorially — to understand and monitor the (natural) resources; socially — to enable the awareness and interests of people; technologically — a system and grid to make the resources accessible and to respond to changes and emergencies; and economically — to allow continuous improvement. In a ‘system-of-systems’, everything is connected and maintained as a single infrastructure.

4. Open data & smart grid

The system includes a centralised data base containing different types of data from different stakeholders on all services and assets in the city. The ‘brain’ of the system anticipates the expected use and conditions, suggests actions suited to users’ needs and optimises the use of the infrastructure and resources. It enables people to make choices in complex situations. The data is accessible for the development of new apps and services by entrepreneurs.

5. Financing model

New solutions and systems are needed, and these require new financing models and cooperation by the stakeholders. The administration and social conscious citizens jointly invest in the living environment. Public spaces, resources and data are used for valuable new services (e.g. food delivery for picnics in the park or the use of spaces as terraces) to generate revenue enabling sustainable business and further investments.

All these ideas and input have emerged from the participatory workshops that have taken place in the city of Sant Cugat and whose images can be seen below:



R4E – Related and Linked Projects – Introducing the “BRESAER Project”.

R4E – Related and Linked Projects Part 2 – Introducing the “BRESAER Project”.

As part of our commitment to creating a learning community and disseminating the actions and outcomes of the Roadmaps for Energy (R4E) Project, we are connecting with other EU funded projects, cooperating, sharing information and practises. Which is why we will dedicate a few of our posts to introducing these projects.

The BRESAER Project

BREakthrough Solutions for Adaptable Envelopes in building Refurbishment

BRESAER will develop a cost-effective, adaptable and industrialized “envelope system” for buildings refurbishment. The BRESAER’s envelope (for façades and roofs) will include a combination of active and passive pre-fabricated solutions which will be integrated in a versatile lightweight structural mesh. This new technology is expected to significantly reduce the building’s primary energy consumption and the Greenhouse emissions while improving indoor environment quality through thermal, acoustic, lighting comfort and air quality at the same time.


breasar2With the BRESAER system the whole building will be governed by an innovative Building Energy Management System, which will manage all the different envelope functions, the energy facilities of the building and monitor the energy generated by the BRESAER system.

The innovative solutions developed by the project include:

Structural metallic profiles to achieve a standardized constructive system configurable, easy to assemble and able to support different envelope components. Such components will be fixed to the profiles with a common standardised solution allowing easy and fast installation as well as removal in case of maintenance or replacement.

Multifunctional and multilayer insulation panels made of Ultra High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concrete used as rigid shells for building envelope applications. Thanks to an enhanced manufacturing process they will provide insulating capacity, lightness and ease of anchoring. These can be combined with several finishes providing di­fferent functionalities: e.g. integrated PV, thermo-reflective and self-cleaning properties.

Combined solar thermal air and PV envelope component for indoor space heating and ventilation, thermal insulation and electricity generation. A PV film can be integrated on the air solar thermal envelop panel whilst preheated air can be used for indoor space heating and dehumidification.

breasar1Multifunctional lightweight ventilated façade module, with integrated photovoltaic system for electricity generation, and thermo-reflective and self-cleaning coating.

Dynamic windows with automated and controlled air-tightness and insulated solar blinds. They complement energy saving and visual comfort strategies: solar blinds can automatically adjust according to the position of the sun and occupant’s comfort.

A cutting-edge Building Energy Management System will be developed to measure and control both the envelope and the building’s energy consumption trough integrated simulation-based control techniques for automated the establishment of optimal operational plans.



Total (primary) energy consumption reduction by a factor 2 to 4 compared to the values registered before the installation of the adaptable envelope

The primary energy consumption reduction will come from the integration of all the components into the BRESAER envelope solution. Through the implementation of the BRESAER system, we expect to record a reduction by at least 60% of the total primary building’s energy consumption and a consumption of less than 60 kWh/m² and the BRESAER system will improve indoor environment quality by increasing thermal, acoustics, lighting comfort and air quality (IAQ).


For more Information:

Palermo Vision Development 2050

Vision development for Palermo 2050

The R4E project has completed the “Vision development” stage, which consisted of designing the services and characteristics that our cities should offer in the year 2050, based on the opinions and contributions of municipal experts of each city, their stakeholders, politicians and municipal managers. To better illustrate the process, images have been created that reflect the way our cities could look in 2050, including the services and characteristics agreed upon in the workshops for each of the project’s focus areas.


In 2050, the city of Palermo values smart, ecological buildings, spaces and mobility. Palermo values being a social harbour, open and friendly to all, as well as a cultural harbour, enriching people’s lives and helping to make good citizenship and sustainable behaviour second nature for everyone.

Innovation and new technologies are embraced to become energy-neutral. Circular systems are implemented to enable sustainable behaviour and businesses. There is an integrated, connected, wireless data and energy network and a green mobility network connects the city and its various centres.

The core of city life is the people of Palermo, with their social interactions and their enjoyment of the city’s buildings, spaces and cultural features. Technological solutions are demand-driven and can be personally adjusted. Cultural exchanges enrich people’s lives in the city.


What characterises the city of Palermo in the focus areas of Smart Buildings and Smart Mobility and the elements of the desired future scenario are:

1. A social harbour

Palermo is an open and friendly city, welcoming to all, while retaining its unique characters. A city for the people, that is lighter, in the sense of fewer cars, less pollution and lower noise. With buildings and spaces that are comfortable for people and that exploit Palermo’s beauty, with its attractive views and sound scape.

2. A cultural harbour

Palermo cherishes its historical city centre and cultural heritage. These are enriched by new technologies and innovation to to create comfortable, energy-efficient housing and neighbourhoods. Innovative solutions are used to maintain historical buildings and to make them energy efficient. (Re-) location of public service buildings and re-purposing of old buildings supports sustainable living.

3. Circularity

Palermo greatly values new technologies as a means to become an energy-efficient and circular city. Especially in the outlying areas, new technologies are used for energy generation, storage and charging of ‘sweet mobility’ solutions. Circular systems are used, for example for food: from urban farming, markets, joint cooking and enjoying local food, as well as organic waste recycling. Or for the business of natural materials: from green roofs, natural materials for isolation, local entrepreneurship in printing isolation materials from waste of local food production. School buildings serve as demonstrators of new solutions and behavioural change.

4. An integrated, connected, wireless data and energy network

The city of Palermo is connected and accessible through a network of infrastructure for energy systems and open data. An energy network connecting the whole city based on renewable energy sources ensures energy-neutrality at city level. Energy production (PV, buildings), storage (cars and batteries) and usage (where needed) are balanced through the

network. Open data is the norm, and enables new entrepreneurship based on services for people. The connected data is valued by citizens because of the improved affordable and reliable information on mobility and public transport. Citizens support this principle of data sharing by providing access to their own data. The connected data is valued by information management experts for the interconnection of mobility modes and the integration with other functionalities, such as measuring air quality, pollution or congestion

5. City for the people of Palermo

The heart of the city of Palermo are its people, enjoying social interactions and the city’s buildings and spaces. These spaces have been given back to the people, so they can enjoy them in comfort and safety. Children can play outdoors, and can walk to school. The urban space is used by citizens, developing cultural activities and by local entrepreneurs to create awareness and change. Tourists also value the city’s cultural history, which they can experience both physically and virtually.

6. A green mobility network

The city of Palermo has been (re-)designed with a green mobility network, connecting the city and its various centres, adding value to the poly-centric city and integrating the qualities of the different areas into a harmonious whole. The Golden Valley 2.0 connects green roofs and walking areas to make walking and biking into obvious choices for people. All areas are easily accessible and safe, with a closely-knit transport network throughout the city.

7. “Sweet and green” mobility

A range of mobility solutions provide a dense network of mobility modes. This demand-driven diversity includes walking, bike, scooter, and car sharing, as well as tram metro connections to the outlying areas. Individual solutions are accessible and affordable for all, supported by local entrepreneurs, new business models and both public private investments.

8. Sea motorway and central distribution centre

Palermo is a capital city and an important sea port which serves as a logistics and transport hub, connecting the hinterland with other Italian cities. The sea will be further exploited as a mobility option to reduce traffic volumes on the roads, with a logistics platform based on new technologies. Good transport management also allows smaller-scale ecological solutions, such as smart individual delivery of (personal) goods in the city.

All these ideas and input have emerged from the participatory workshops that have taken place in the city of Palermo and whose images can be seen below:



Murcia Vision Development 2050

Vision development for Murcia 2050

The R4E project has completed the “Vision development” stage, which consisted of designing the services and characteristics that our cities should offer in the year 2050, based on the opinions and contributions of municipal experts of each city, their stakeholders, politicians and municipal managers. To better illustrate the process, images have been created that reflect the way our cities could look in 2050, including the services and characteristics agreed upon in the workshops for each of the project’s focus areas.


In 2050, the people of Murcia enjoy buildings that proactively adjust to their changing needs. Through profiles based on the expected use (presence and activities) and external factors (weather, season etc.), buildings actively choose the optimum energy settings to maximise comfort for users.

The buildings are interconnected by a telemanagement system that enables sharing of energy and resources. This makes a big contribution to users’ comfort and convenience, both inside and outside the buildings.

Murcia achieved a position among Europe’s top ‘clean & green’ cities by green urban planning that values CO2-neutral energy-producing buildings. The buildings use renewable energy sources and have a low impact on nature, both during construction and in everyday use.


What characterises the city of Murcia in the focus areas of Smart Mobility and Smart Buildings and the elements of the desired future scenario are:

1. A flexible use of buildings

The buildings in Murcia facilitate highly flexible use, for different users, different activities and in different seasons. Walls, installations and furniture can be rearranged easily — for example using flexible partitioners, changeable windows or ‘floating’ desks. Standardised protocols enable roaming profiles for user settings in the virtual space. Smart management systems support effective and efficient use of the workspaces.

2. Enhancing working & family life

The buildings recognise people and can adapt to their personal preferences and habits by providing the desired atmosphere and climate settings. Homes cater for teleworking and remote healthcare through good connectivity and smart appliances. Use of the latest technologies facilitates a whole range of other activities — for example using augmented reality for easy enjoyable shopping, navigation and other everyday tasks.

3. ‘Green’ buildings technologies

The latest technologies are used in the buildings for easy energy saving, generation and storage. Examples are the use of energy-absorbing materials, and light tubes to bring daylight into the heart of the building. The buildings are climate-proof, so they can absorb heavy rain showers. And they are resistant to earth-quakes through the use of innovative solutions like flexible materials and active bumpers. Wireless networks are used to charge energy-efficient appliances.

4. Learning buildings

The buildings are interconnected: not only do they learn during use, but they can also share their learnings. The use of all utilities (energy, water, waste and other resources) is monitored. Patterns of use are recognised so upcoming activities can be anticipated, providing maximum comfort for users. This active data sharing allows the buildings to learn from each other, providing maximum user comfort at the lowest energy consumption.

5. Master Intelligent System

Murcia’s Master Intelligent System uses open data and standard protocols all over the city, providing new services on an open platform. People can easily access and connect to the platform, wherever they are. Energy supply and demand are matched — and legally embedded — in the central system. The focus is on the users’ needs, with priority for emergency services when necessary. Energy can be exchanged freely between users, appliances, vehicles and buildings.



In 2050, people in the Murcia region enjoy a safe and clean city, with green and healthy areas and safe and clean mobility solutions. Personal mobility needs are met and healthy mobility, such as walking and cycling, co-exists in harmony with other safe, clean forms of (shared) mobility. The public transport system is clean and effective throughout the city region, with ‘one-click’ accessibility enabled by a master intelligent system.

The design of public space and services and the availability of a wide range of mobility options ‘nudges’ people towards more sustainable and healthy lifestyles. The flexibility of personal choices is met by a system of different, interconnecting mobility modes, reflecting the differences in needs and possible solutions throughout the city and region. Urban spaces are designed with a focus on people. Those from the outlying areas and visitors are provided with clean, fast accessibility to the city centre. It is easy for people to move around near the centre with services to meet their daily needs. The down-town area is a safe and pleasant place for pedestrians.

1. All people’s avenue

The down-town area is a safe and pleasant place for pedestrians. Public spaces are designed for them and traffic is restricted to emergencies, residents and public services. Urban spaces such as an ‘all people’s avenue’ are pleasant, comfortable, quiet, green, shady and accessible for all. These spaces are shared with bikes and one-person e-cars.

2. Urban liveability

The ‘urban zone’ is a place where people can easily move around, with good access to the city as well as the outlying areas. Industrial estates and warehouses are moved from the urban areas to the outskirts, freeing space for sustainable transport, such as trams, electric buses, clean private cars and a public car-sharing system. De-centralised services are provided to meet daily needs, and there are green lanes for long-distance walking and cycling.

3. Connecting people

The ‘pedanías’ zone provides accessibility for people from the outlying areas and visitors. (Mass) public transport is provided by train, tram and bus, and is clean, fast and accessible. Free parking for private (unsustain-able) cars is available at inter-modal transport hubs. These make it easy for people and goods to switch between different mobility means, encouraging sustainable choices. Easy access to the countryside revalues country lifestyle and products.

4. Smart citizens

Citizens naturally choose sustainable and healthy solutions. Mentality and behaviour embrace healthy living. People value a clean and safe city, and are willing to contribute to achieving this. Education from an early age and co-creative workshops with citizens and companies, increase awareness and involvement, and challenge people to participate actively in new ‘mobility plans’.

5. Master Intelligent System

An intelligent global system integrates mobility modes and allows users to enjoy ‘mobility à la carte’. A ‘one-click’ system pro-actively adjusts to people’s profiles and needs, based on up-to-date information and forecasts. The system is easily accessible with one profile for reservations, payments and information. Controlling incentives avoid misuse and keep the system free of undesired side-effects.

All these ideas and input have emerged from the participatory workshops that have taken place in the city of Murcia and whose images can be seen below:



PALERMO: SIGNED OFFICIAL STATEMENT R4E + European Week of Sustainable Mobility

Palermo: Roadmaps for Energy during the European Week of Sustainable Mobility

From 16 to 22 September 2016, it was also the “European Sustainable Mobility Week” in Palermo, during which the Municipality of Palermo, together with the city’s environmental association, organised several events to raise awareness of the use of public transport and, in general, the use of means of transport with low or zero C02 emissions, called E-BIKE 0.

In order to add further substance to the initiative, the Mayor Leoluca Orlando has inaugurated an innovative “home-work place” mobility system, consisting in the use of electric bicycles and included in the charter of intent for the “Roadmaps for Energy” Project. In fact, the Palermo project includes a vision of the city in 2050, with particular reference to sustainable mobility and energy efficiency. The signing of the letter of intent demonstrates the particular importance participation in the European project has for Palermo.

The event was also attended by the Deputy Mayor for Energy and Technological Innovation, Prof. Gianfranco Rizzo, the Chief of the Municipal Police, Dott. Vincenzo Messina, and Eng. Antonio Mazzon, Manager of “Roadmaps for Energy” project, who explained the technical details of the initiative.

The E-BIKE 0 is part of a program financed by the Ministry for the trial by the Italian municipalities of a pedal assisted prototype bicycle with high efficiency and zero emissions. The project is the identification of three automated racks around the city that allow the charging of 30 electric bicycles, tracking the distance travelled and the pollutant concentrations measured during the moving around the city.


Volunteers were selected previously, a sample of employees that includes 10 members of the Municipal Police, through an online survey, made with a special web-based application. People were selected based on their willingness to abandon the use of their car to travel to their workplace and use the electric bicycle instead. In addition, the automated racks have been installed in public buildings with closed garages to ensure the safety of the bicycles and shelter them from the weather and secure the electronic equipment in the data monitoring system.

Palermo participates in a research project for the development of sustainable mobility, the identification of people’s behaviour during their commute and the struggle against pollution and emission of greenhouse gases. After one year of testing a report will be prepared in every participating Italian city which will be published with all data concerning not only environmental benefits, but also the barriers for a large scale implementation of this system of sustainable mobility.

The initiative falls within the provisions of the Project “Roadmaps for Energy” and will be included in the “portfolio” of projects for Palermo 2050 – “Social and Cultural Harbour”.

Forli Vision Development 2050

Vision development for Forlì 2050

The R4E project has completed the “Vision development” stage, which consisted of designing the services and characteristics that our cities should offer in the year 2050, based on the opinions and contributions of municipal experts of each city, their stakeholders, politicians and municipal managers. To better illustrate the process, images have been created that reflect the way our cities could look in 2050, including the services and characteristics agreed upon in the workshops for each of the project’s focus areas.


In 2050, people in Forlì value their historical heritage. Historical buildings are renovated with respect for their heritage, and have new uses that serve the community. Forlì boldly implement modern energy-efficient building technologies, both in top-quality new buildings and in the less valuable elements of existing buildings. All buildings are designed or renovated for safety and resilience to both normal climatic conditions and exceptional natural events.

The social environment of Forlì is supported by the technological infrastructure. People — both citizens and entrepreneurs — value high-quality connectivity and technical infrastructure. They interact with the urban space, and have real-time information inviting them to engage in social activities. The top-level infrastructure of Forlì attracts companies (both established and start-up) to set up their activities and contribute to the local economy.

The smart people of Forlì value energy-efficient buildings. Schools and hospitals are leading examples of ‘people smart’ services that encourage learning and healing. Starting as young children, people are aware of the basic principles of sustainable living that has spread across the whole city. New technologies are used to achieve zero-emission, self-sufficient buildings.


What characterises the city of Forlì in the focus areas of Smart Buildings and Smart Urban Spaces and the elements of the desired future scenario are:

1. Historical memory

Historical buildings are renovated with respect for their heritage. There are no standard rules: each building has a different social and cultural background that is revived while it is transformed it to the needs of 2050. Both the building itself and its historical value are preserved, although with an up-to-date meaning of its function. For example, the church may become a museum or a theatre, thereby maintaining the function of connecting citizens.

2. High-tech blended with history

Superb buildings maximise comfort for the users and facilitate building management because they use the latest technology for building automation, air quality control, renewable materials and efficient installations. Less invasive systems (e.g. pipeless, very thin or upgradeable modular solutions) are used for historical buildings to preserve valuable elements such as frescos. IT systems monitor the use of spaces, and manage energy at a district scale.

3. Economic development

The economy is flourishing with new businesses that create community value. Entrepreneurs develop new sharing services for citizens, thereby reducing the use of land and environmental resources. Citizens have a different mind-set and reduce their footprint actively by choosing sustainable energy, locally produced food and shared services. Districts are designed and buildings are renovated to create more efficient spaces for sharing and growing food.

4. Shared & versatile spaces

Buildings and spaces are versatile, so they can be used by the community for different purposes on a 24/7 basis . For example the building adapts to a new concept of open schooling for children. Spaces are also better integrated to facilitate lifelong learning for people of all ages, with different programmes at different times of the day and the year. The design of the buildings enables extra functionality and versatility for different purposes, users and contexts.

5. Communicating examples

Good practices and leading examples are shared in the community and transformed into solutions for common use in other buildings. Public buildings (e.g. schools and hospitals) demonstrate the basic principles of sustainable construction and provide open platforms for citizens to engage in discussions about sustainable living. Children learn about environmental systems, which inspires conscious and sustainable lifestyles as adults.



In 2050, the people in Forlì enjoy a compact, well-planned city with a lively centre. The city offers many well-connected, well-equipped green spaces that enhance social life.

The city has regained its primary role as a social, business and residential hub. History and culture are respected, contributing to the attractiveness of the city and its central role in the territory.

The people of Forlì benefit from the results of open territorial cooperation that encourages innovation and contributes to the city’s economic development. At the same time the soil is protected for agricultural use and leisure activities.

 1. Enhancing social interaction

City planning focuses on providing spaces for social engagement. The functionality of urban space has been redefined in line with people’s needs in 2050, such as sports and playing facilities on the city squares, outdoor social games (interactive graffiti wall) and vegetable gardens. Citizens are encouraged to initiate and participate in social events through open platforms. The university campus has become an open meeting place for students and citizens.

2. A lively city centre

Shops in the centre offer modern handicrafts and other products with local production facilities. There are also other commercial activities offering dedicated services, such as smart home delivery (roof-to-roof delivery). Residents and entrepreneurs participate in identifying and creating new solutions to improve city life. This also encourages and enables young start-ups to set up new businesses offering and using technology services.

3. Historical value in a new way

Citizens enjoy ‘slow mobility’ (walking, cycling and automated vehicles), allowing more attractively designed streets. The heritage is valued as a common responsibility. Citizens, the administration and other stakeholders participate in planning and designing for new purposes. Sustainable and responsible development starts by considering all the pages (‘black’ and ‘white’) of Forlì’s history.

4. A compact city

The urban fabric features taller and more efficient buildings, while preserving and enhancing unique historical assets. The new buildings offer modern city facilities: they produce and store (renewable) energy, provide vertical vegetable gardens, and green surfaces that reduce heat stress and recover rainwater. In this way the city footprint is reduced and the agricultural function of the countryside is restored.

5. Territorial connectivity

Forlì provides a well-designed network of routes, exploring nature, culture, sports and local wine, food and handicrafts. The routes respond to the demand for a quality lifestyle supported by smart technologies. Better and faster links allow full connectivity to seaside resorts and nearby cities. Forlì’s central role in services (e.g. hospital, airport) reaches its full potential with efficient and sustainable transport.

All these ideas and input have emerged from the participatory workshops that have taken place in the city of Forlì and whose images can be seen below:


Istanbul Vision Development 2050

Vision development for Istanbul 2050

The R4E project has completed the “Vision development” stage, which consisted of designing the services and characteristics that our cities should offer in the year 2050, based on the opinions and contributions of municipal experts of each city, their stakeholders, politicians and municipal managers. To better illustrate the process, images have been created that reflect the way our cities could look in 2050, including the services and characteristics agreed upon in the workshops for each of the project’s focus areas.


In 2050, individual travellers in Istanbul are valued and facilitated by personalised travel advice. Smart technologies and apps enable personalised route planning. Communication between vehicles, drivers and infrastructure allows smart signalling. Green behaviour is encouraged by a range of personalised, sustainable options.

People value fast, smoothly flowing traffic, free from congestion. Automated systems support smooth traffic flows through the city. Mass transport solutions are attractive thanks to flexible charging and working hours. Alternative routes and transport modes are conveniently available. People value better air quality and choose healthier options such as walking and cycling. Traffic is safe. Smart safety measures help to avoid accidents and traffic violations. Vehicles are equipped with smart solutions and options to communicate, both with other road users and with the infrastructure.


What characterises the city of Istanbul in the focus area of Smart Mobility and the elements of the desired future scenarios are:

1. Smart traffic management system

All traffic in Istanbul is managed through a single, safe, reliable and efficient system. The system connects all public and private vehicles, devices and road users and is accessible from anywhere. Data is collected to analyse the traffic movements and provide real-time (event-driven) smart traffic management.

2. Compact smart e-vehicles:

People make use of personalised services based on compact smart vehicles. Vehicles are sustainable (using recycled materials and with zero-emissions) and are charged at widely available charging stations using renewable energy sources. The service allows easy reservation, flexible payment and pick-up/drop-off at any point. Personal profiles (e.g. including a network of friends) and connection to the smart system provide routes and options to share rides with friends.

3. Strategic demand management

People travel less because high-quality services are available remotely. Remote health monitoring and preventive health services reduce the need to visit distant hospitals. High-quality training and education are available in all districts, for example through holograms of excellent teachers. Flexible school and working hours and relocation of offices spread the demand for travel. Ride-sharing and air-cargo drones reduce road traffic. Ride-sharing is safe and efficient thanks to easy reservation and accessibility (e.g. special, cheaper parking for shared cars).

4. Sustainable, healthy behaviour

Citizens have adopted healthy lifestyles. Activity levels are measured by wearable devices, and more walking is rewarded by privileged services. The use of private cars has been reduced. The new generation of people care about sustainability and use the system to make optimal choices (balancing costs, emissions, time, social aspects etc.).



In 2050, a clean, green and healthy environment is valued by the citizens of Istanbul. Travellers appreciate the wide range of alternative routes and forms of transport. Public transport benefits everyone by providing good accessibility to all modes of transport. These are seamlessly integrated, providing a closely-knit network that reaches every part of the city while respecting its historical heritage.

Travellers choose sustainable and healthy options. Public transport provides a single route to people’s destinations, without disruptions caused by changes between modes. Travellers value the availability of accurate, up-to-date and cross-modal information. This enables them to choose the best options as and when they need them, taking into account changing situations and transport availability. And the public transport systems use renewable energy resources.

1. A clean and green city

In 2050, Istanbul is a clean and green city. A whole new city concept has been created around emission-free and ecological buildings with green roofs and waste recycling. In green areas all over the city residents enjoy walking, cycling and (hobby and urban) gardening. Pedestrian tunnels and floating gardens connect the areas. Citizens are energy-aware; a tree is planted for each child’s birthday. Energy efficiency and sustainability are monitored for continuous improvement.

2. Seamless transport and pleasurable travel experience

Istanbul has an integrated transport system that provides door-to-door service. Buses, trams, automated vehicles, taxis, shared cars and bikes are all integrated into one, easily accessible service. New modes of transport and innovative vehicles are also integrated, like autonomous vehicles in the air and on water. The integration of smaller units (personal or larger) into larger ones (ferries or trains) avoids transfers. Management is by an autonomous system.

‘Public’ transport provides a pleasurable and comfortable travel experience. The PRT (personal rapid transit) system allows people to travel in their own units, which are transformed into DRTs (demand response transit) with VIP services. People can easily transfer between all vehicles at hubs. These are real experience centres, with shopping, cinemas, and theatres.

3. Personal travel assistant

Everyone has a virtual ‘guardian angel’ for personal travel advice wherever they are, free of charge. All the ‘angels’ are connected to the cloud for accurate, up-to-date, cross- modal information. They give warnings of storms or snowfall, help to cancel or postpone trips when needed, help in case of emergencies or prevent accidents by warnings. They balance capacity in the system, important city parameters (energy, air quality, etc.) and personal health parameters.

4. Privacy & security

People feel comfortable and safe, because only the ‘angels’ have access to personal data. In 2050, the transport systems in Istanbul are also perceived as secure. For example, the biometric information used to identify people at entry points is also used to identify suspicious persons and activities. Personal data banks have a virtual shield to ensure confidentiality and privacy, and guard against hacking.

All these ideas and input have emerged from the participatory workshops that have taken place in the city of Istanbul and whose images can be seen below:



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